Elizabeth Pines: References

About API. (2014). American Petroleum Institute. Retrieved from http://www.api.org/globalitems/globalheaderpages/about-api

About us. (2014). As You Sow. Retrieved from http://www.asyousow.org/about-us/

About API. (2014). American Petroleum Institute. Retrieved from http://www.api.org/globalitems/globalheaderpages/about-api

Activists urge companies to disclose fracking risks to shareholders. (2011). Inside EPA's Risk Policy Report,18(22) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/922545588?accountid=12043

Chesapeake Energy Corporation. (2014). 10-K Annual Report 2013. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved from http://services.corporate- ir.net/SEC.Enhanced/SecCapsule.aspx?c=104617&fid=9294176

Colaneri, K. (27 march 2014). Pennsylvania’s top drilling trade group going grassroots. StateImpact NPR. Retrieved from http://stateimpact.npr.org/pennsylvania/2014/03/27/pennsylvanias-top-drilling-trade-group-going- grassroots/

Energy/Natural resources: Top contributors to federal candidates, parties, and outside groups. (2014). Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved from https://www.opensecrets.org/industries/contrib.php?cycle=2014&ind=E

How to measure natural gas. (2014).American Gas Association. Retrieved from http://www.aga.org/KC/ABOUTNATURALGAS/ADDITIONAL/Pages/HowtoMeasureNaturalG as.aspx

Kusnetz, N. (1 September 2011). Who are America’s top 10 gas drillers? Propublica. https://www.propublica.org/article/who-are-americas-top-10-gas-drillers

Lobbying Ranked Sectors. Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved from https://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/top.php?indexType=c&showYear=2014

Marcellus Shale Coalition annual lobbying. Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved from https://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientsum.php?id=F16125%20%20%20%20&year=2014

Mufson, S. (7 April 2012). Jack Gerard, the force majeure behind Big Oil. The Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/jack-gerard-the-force- majeure-behind-big-oil/2012/04/06/gIQA1hjC0S_story.html

Oil & Gas annual lobbying. Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved from https://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/indusclient.php?id=E01&year=2014/

Operations. (2014). Chesapeake Energy. Retrieved from http://www.chk.com/Operations/Pages/Default.aspx

Our history. (2014). Exxon Mobil Corporation. Retrieved from http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/company/about-us/history/overview

Range Resources Corporation. (2014). 10-K Annual Report 2013. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved from http://phx.corporate- ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=101196&p=irol- SECText&TEXT=aHR0cDovL2FwaS50ZW5rd2l6YXJkLmNvbS9maWxpbmcueG1sP2lwYWdl PTk0MjE2MjAmRFNFUT0wJlNFUT0wJlNRREVTQz1TRUNUSU9OX0VOVElSRSZzdWJza WQ9NTc%3d#Stockholders_Return_Presentation

Scheyder, E. (3 April 2014). Exxon Mobil agrees to share more data on fracking risks. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/03/us-exxonmobil-fracking-data- idUSBREA3227020140403

Solomon, D. (25 August 2011). SEC bears down on fracking. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424053111904009304576528484179638702

Strategy. (2014). Range Resources. Retrieved from http://www.rangeresources.com/company/strategy

The world's biggest oil and gas companies. (2013, Nov 12). Progressive Digital Media Oil & Gas, Mining, Power, CleanTech and Renewable Energy News Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1547370574?accountid=12043

Unconventional resources development: Managing the risks. (September 2014). Exxon Mobil Corporation. Retrieved from http://cdn.exxonmobil.com/~/media/Files/Other/2014/Unconventional_Resources_Development_ Risk_Management_Report.pdf

Graphics References 
Chesapeake Energy Corporation. (2014). 10-K Annual Report 2013. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved from http://services.corporate- ir.net/SEC.Enhanced/SecCapsule.aspx?c=104617&fid=9294176

Range Resources Corporation. (2014). 10-K Annual Report 2013. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved from https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/315852/000156459014000349/rrc-10k_20131231.htm

ExxonMobil lobbying totals, 1998-2013. Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved from https://www.opensecrets.org/orgs/lobby.php?id=D000000129

2012 trade associations receiving $50,000 or more in total dues. Chesapeake Energy. Retrieved from http://www.chk.com/documents/governance/chesapeake-energy-2012-trade-association- dues.pdf

Key Profiles References About IPAA. Indepdendent Petroleum Association of America. Retrieved from http://www.ipaa.org/about-ipaa/

Contact Us. Indepdendent Petroleum Association of America. Retrieved from http://www.ipaa.org/contact-us/

Disclosing the facts 2014: Transparency and risk in hydraulic fracturing operations. As You Sow. Retrieved from http://disclosingthefacts.org/

Issues. Common Cause. Retrieved from http://www.commoncause.org/issues/

Contact Us. Common Cause. Retrieved from http://www.commoncause.org/contact-us.html

Important Web Resources Our mission: Inform, empower & advocate. Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved from https://www.opensecrets.org/about/

About us. Oil Change International. Retrieved from http://priceofoil.org/about/

About us. FracFocus. Retrieved from http://fracfocus.org/welcome